Carver Handbuch, Fahrrad, Federung

Carver Handbook: Suspension basics

The suspension on your carver bike is also a technical component that you should concern yourself with. Here you will first find the meaning of some technical terms.

Suspension fork

Bicycle fork that cushions and dampens shocks using movable components. The most common are telescopic suspension forks. Standpipes are the thinner tubes that are firmly pressed or screwed onto the fork head of a telescopic fork. The typically lower pipes into which the standpipes are immersed are referred to as immersion pipes.

You can find out how to correctly adjust the suspension fork on your carver bike here .

Suspension strut

The shock absorber is the element that combines both the spring and the damping in the rear of a fully suspended Carver bicycle (full suspension). The suspension strut is often also referred to as a shock absorber.

Spring rate or hardness

Force required to compress the spring a certain amount of travel - measured in Newtons per millimeter (N/mm) or pounds/inch (Ibs/in). A higher spring rate means more force per stroke. For air suspension elements, this corresponds to a higher pressure.

Spring preload

In the widely used air suspension systems, the air pressure in the fork determines the spring hardness and preload. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations.

Steel springs can be preloaded within a certain range. Then the suspension only responds at a higher load. However, this does not change the spring rate. Heavy riders cannot compensate for spring stiffness that is too low by increasing preload.

Negative spring travel – “say”

The travel by which the rear triangle or fork deflects when the rider assumes his usual riding position while standing still. Is usually given as a percentage of the total spring travel.

Suspension travel adjustment – ​​“travel adjust”

The travel of the suspension fork is usually reduced using a rotary knob. With some forks, the reduction only becomes active after a deep compression process. With sprung rear structures (“full suspension”), segments that hold the shock absorber are typically unscrewed or screws are loosened and adjusted.

Compression damping

Usually blue adjustment knob/wheel (a). Delays or brakes the compression process. Prevents the suspension fork from bottoming out during very fast impacts.

For particularly high-quality spring elements, it is divided into high-speed (for hard impacts = fast compression) and low-speed compression damping (for slow compression, e.g. rocking while riding).

Rebound damping

Usually red adjustment knob/wheel. Delays or brakes rebound. Prevents the Carver bike from rocking.


Usually levers on the suspension element or on the handlebars.
Device that blocks the fork or shock absorber so that the suspension element does not rock on asphalt or slippery roads. May not be used off-road.

Platform cushioning

Increases the (low speed) compression damping and suppresses rocking. In contrast to the lockout, the suspension is not completely blocked.

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